LINGUISTIC PRE-HISTORY OF INDIA
THROUGH ARCHAEOLOGICAL ROUTE
Historian and Environmentalist
The general belief is that Sanskrit was the earliest language of India. The claim by some sections of Tamil world is that is as old as Sanskrit. Both these views are born from unhistorical generalization. Therefore both views are erroneous.
W.W. Wilson of Asiatic School of Bengal, after 1784, in the absence of archaeological evidences, long before the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization, riding on medieval mythology of Vedic School which had a safe placement in historical vacuum, declared that Sanskrit was the earliest and oldest language of India. In 1787, during the third anniversary of Asiatic School, William Jones the first European Judge in India, and the first President of Asiatic School of Bengal, using his excellent knowledge of European languages, erroneously thinking that all Indians except Indo-Aryans were barbarians, imagined and formulated the famous Indo-European family of languages. Both these theories had powerful and long lasting influence on linguistic pre-history of India though born through unhistorical process without the backing of archaeology.